Inter-Professional Team Training
The collaborative partnerships between the SON and SOM with regards to inter-professional educational opportunities began with a pilot program in 2005 that brought together a small cohort of nursing and medical students to test the feasibility of creating a curriculum focused on team training. Expansion of the program occurred with the implementation of two large-scale Inter-professional Team Training Days (ITTD) whereby senior nursing and third year medical students came together for a four-hour training session in 2007 and 2008 to learn team communication skills and an understanding of how teamwork has a direct effect on patient safety and quality of care. We used TeamSTEPPS curriculum as the basis for training consisting of a didactic component, team oriented ice breaker, video vignettes, and review of successful team skills. This was reinforced using a high-fidelity simulation scenario during which the 200 students from medicine and nursing broke into groups of 10 with two facilitators (nursing and medicine) per group. Twenty-two physician/nurse pairs, from across the health system led the students throughout the training experience. Prior to the ITTD, facilitators participated in a 2-hr development session to orient them to the day's events.
Beginning in Fall 2009 we initiated the integration of interprofessional learning opportunities throughout a number of disciplines in the academic health center. The overall goal is to transform the culture of healthcare towards improved patient safety by providing inter-professional learning opportunities on key concepts of communication and teamwork to healthcare students in a systematic, multi-level educational intervention over a two year period. Multiple strategies were used to teach the material, including but not limited to online readings and podcasts, lecture, small group discussions and activities, role play and other simulation techniques, and use of video vignettes. The program includes content on communication, role identity, team identity, and application in a simulation situation. In October 2009 we initiated the first session in this sequence with over 450 students and more than 80 facilitators taking part. The students represented the disciplines of nursing and medicine as well as physical therapy, physician assistant, advanced practice nursing, anesthesia assistant, and medical imaging.